Traditional approaches to public safety focus on fire protection, emergency-medical services and law enforcement. In this analysis, safety highlights public-health aspects that directly relate to aspects of the built environment, specifically addressing safety by reducing transportation-related crashes (i.e., reducing crashes between vehicle and vehicle or bike/pedestrian and vehicle), crime and overall violence. Because of its wide range of topics, safety can also be linked to health issues of physical activity, social capital and mental health.

Design for Health (DFH) Materials

Other Resources

 Protocols, Kits and Guides

  • Active Living Research: Tools and Measures 
    This Web site provides links to over fifteen urban design and park audit tools, produced by researchers from a variety of institutions, including the University of Minnesota, Harvard School of Public Health, and the University of Western Australia.
  • Environment and Physical Activity GIS Protocols Manual 
    Developed in conjunction with the Twin Cities Walking Study, this manual provides protocols for measuring environmental variables associated with walking. It is periodically updated.

Reports and Guidelines

  • Toolkit for Building Physical Activity into Daily Life 
    This toolkit was prepared for workshops held in 2004 and 2005 and in this fast moving research field, some materials are outdated.
  • Design Guidelines for Active Michigan Communities 
    This document was designed to help Michigan communities integrate active living principles into their plans, policies and programs. It was created as part of Michigan’s Promoting Active Communities program, though its ideas can be useful to people and communities outside the state as well.
  • Sample Pedestrian Plans
    A collection of plans from,the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center.
  • Pedestrian Facilities Design Guide. 
    This Georgia Department of Transportation publication provides guidance regarding the design, construction, and maintenance of pedestrian and streetscape facilities. It provides technical recommendations on things like sidewalk width, trail composition, etc.

Web Sites

  • National Complete Streets Coalition
    “Complete Streets” are designed and operated to enable safe access for all users. Pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists and bus riders of all ages and abilities are able to move safely along and across a complete street. This Web site provides a variety of resources and instructions on implementing complete streets policies in your communities.
  • Prevention and Reduction of Accidental Injury 
    This evidence-based briefing report from the U.K. Department of Health covers a wide range of injury topics.
  • Walk to School Day
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, has useful tips on decreasing traffic injuries among children, including its report on National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety.
  • InformeDesign 

    InformeDesign is a research and communication tool for designers. Its search engine provides research summaries on many health themes. Each article summary has the following elements: design issue, design criteria, key concepts, research method, limitations, and commentary.

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