The general approach used in most communities is to only allow dry cleaners and other polluting uses in commercial or industrial districts. Sometimes conditional-use permits or special exceptions are required in these districts, but especially in neighborhood commercial or mixed-use districts. This approach allows for a flexible approach to regulation, based on the specific site and operating conditions. In addition to local efforts, several states have regulations related to dry cleaners and other polluting uses. Below we provide a few examples of local air-quality ordinances for dry cleaners and auto body and painting establishments.
- Howard County, Indiana, Wellhead Protection Overlay District and Flood Hazard Overlay District
- Dry cleaners are prohibited in these districts in order to minimize groundwater impacts. See pp. 3-10, 3-12.
- California Air Resources Board – Air Quality and Land Use Handbook: A Community Health Perspective
The handbook recommends 300-500 ft buffer between dry cleaners using perchloroethylene and sensitive land uses (e.g., residential). See pp. 27-31.
Auto Body and Painting
- Hoschton, Georgia, Motor Vehicle Service and Repair Overlay District
The intent of the district is to cluster motor-vehicle retail and service facilities. The regulation requires that services be conducted in enclosed buildings. Permitted uses in the overlay district include motor-vehicle body and paint facilities, among other uses.