The American Planning Association recently released a report, Healthy Planning, evaluating 22 comprehensive and sustainability plans in terms of health issues. Funded by the CDC this report looks at 22 plan documents. As the APA’s web site web site states: “The evaluation assessed the extent to which these plans addressed public health through six broad health-related planning topics:
- Active Living
- Emergency Preparedness
- Environmental Exposures
- Food and Nutrition
- Health and Human Services
- Social Cohesion and Mental Health”
Its an interesting report downloadable at http://www.planning.org/research/publichealth/pdf/evaluationreport.pdf. Anna Ricklin, the current manager of APA’s Planning and Community Health Research Center led the team creating the report. The plans were selected from a 2012 survey that had identified 890 plans using mentioning public health and 45 additional plans identified by the CDC. Plans were selected because they covered a wide range of health topics and also geographical diversity (urban, rural, county, city, etc). The report doesn’t present evaluations of individual plans but examines how many of the plans covered particular topics and issues. It does, however, identify lists of top plan e.g. for active living top jurisdictions included Baltimore County, Washington, DC, and Fort Worth and for food and nutrition the top places where Alachua County (FL), the Oneida Nation, and Baltimore County. A next phase of the project will look in greater depth at some specific case studies.
A number of my Cornell students worked on the report with APA (acknowledged on page 4).
>How health impact assessment can make a difference is an issue of some interest at present. For those wanting to explore HIA online, several major clearinghouses provide a wealth of information from legislative updates to workbooks.
- Centers for Disease Control HIA Resources: http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/hia.htm
This page is a useful index of major sources and an easy place to start.
- Health Impact Assessment Clearing House Learning and Information Center—HIA-CLIC at UCLA: http://www.hiaguide.org/
This terrific site had a wonderful training section with lots of resources: http://www.hiaguide.org/training/training-guides. They also have a section tracking legislation in the U.S.
- HIA Connect in Australia: http://www.hiaconnect.edu.au/index.htm
The HIA Practical Guide by HIA Connect, downloadable from this page, is a fairly short and very clear guide to HIA. HIA Connect also has an active eNews service.
- HIA Gateway, UK: http://www.apho.org.uk/default.aspx?QN=P_HIA
One of the best listing of HIAs around the world with a good advanced search feature that allows you to search by keyword, date, and geography: http://www.apho.org.uk/resource/advanced.aspx.
- Human Impact Partners, Oakland: http://www.humanimpact.org/
I particularly like their tools and resources section which includes a number of guides and worksheets: http://www.humanimpact.org/hips-hia-tools-and-resources. Be sure to scroll down the page.
- RWJF/Pew Health Impact Project: http://www.healthimpactproject.org/hia?id=0007
This is a fairly new project and their web site is evolving. Their news section is a useful part of the site: http://www.healthimpactproject.org/news.
- World Health Organization HIA: http://www.who.int/hia/en/
Determinants of health from .
Originally G. Dahgren (1995) European Health Policy Conference
Providing an international perspective this web site has a particularly strong section on HIA examples, classified by sector: http://www.who.int/hia/ examples/en/.
For more information about HIA go to the Design for Health web site at http://www.designforhealth.net/ resources/healthimpact.html.